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Pressure ulcer prevention

The primary factors influencing the risk of developing pressure ulcers are:

  • Pressure – Continuous physical force exerted on or against an object by something in contact with it. Friction – The resistance encountered by one surface when moving over another.
  • Friction – The resistance encountered by one surface when moving over another.
  • Moisture: Warm and moist conditions cause skin maceration, making it prone to irritation and cracking. This increases the risk of bacterial spread.
  • Shear Stress: Deformation produced by pressure in a structure whose layers are laterally shifted relative to each other.

The most commonly occurring pressure ulcers are those of the sacrum (36.9% of all pressure ulcers), the heel (30.3% of all pressure ulcers), and the ischial tuberosity (8% of all pressure ulcers). According to literature data, 3-17% of hospitalized patients and 17-28% of those receiving home care are at risk of developing pressure ulcers [1]. It is also important to provide adequate support for the coccyx to minimize the risk of pressure ulcers. Improving blood flow in areas exposed to pressure is crucial for preventing pressure ulcers. Products that reduce pressure on the surface can significantly decrease the risk of pressure ulcer development.

According to the guidelines, "A 30° lateral lying position to a 90° lateral lying position should be used during repositioning." Furthermore, the use of anti-decubitus mattresses alone is not sufficient to eliminate the risk of pressure ulcers. "*Even the best-quality mattress does not exempt from regular body repositioning, which should be performed within individually established time frames." (Polish Wound Treatment Society; Wound Treatment 2020; 17(3):113-146). Even the best-quality mattress does not exempt from regular body repositioning. It is also advisable to use anti-decubitus rings and cushions to further minimize the risk of pressure ulcer development.

Another challenge healthcare workers face daily is patient repositioning. Up to 40% of sick leaves in healthcare result from injuries due to carrying and lifting. According to data presented by the Medical University of Bialystok, 75% of nurses suffer from lumbar spine pain syndromes, and 60% from cervical spine pain. The primary causes of these statistics, as listed by the study authors, include carrying, lifting, transporting patients, working in forced body positions, and the lack of specialized equipment for lifting patients.

The products available in Skamex's offer address the aforementioned issues. Anti-decubitus boots and patient repositioning sets support nursing staff in the prevention of pressure ulcers. The design of the patient repositioning system also helps provide medical staff with equipment that minimizes the risks associated with carrying, repositioning, and transporting patients. The effectiveness of our products from Sage is also supported by clinical studies in reducing the risk of pressure ulcers.

[1] Cierzniakowska K, Łabuńska A, Szewczyk MT, Popow A, Jawień A. Analiza wybranych czynników wpływających na rozwój odleżyn. Leczenie Ran 2010;7(3– 4):71– 77